Properties List

EMB3D™ Device Properties

Device Properties Threats
PID-11 Device includes a microprocessor
TID-101 Power Consumption Analysis Side Channel
TID-102 Electromagnetic Analysis Side Channel
TID-103 Cache Timing Analysis Side Channel
TID-105 Hardware Fault Injection – Control Flow Modification
PID-121 Device includes buses for external memory/storage
TID-106 Data Bus Interception
PID-122 Device includes discrete chips/devices that have access to the same physical memory
TID-107 Unauthorized Direct Memory Access (DMA)
PID-123 Device includes ROM, VRAM, or removable Storage
TID-108 ROM/NVRAM Data Extraction or Modification
PID-124 Device includes Random Access Memory (RAM) chips
TID-109 RAM Chip Contents Readout
PID-1241 Device includes DDR DRAM
TID-110 Hardware Fault Injection – Data Manipulation
PID-13 Device includes peripheral chips and integrated data buses
TID-113 Unverified Peripheral Firmware Loaded
TID-114 Peripheral Data Bus Interception
PID-14 Device includes external peripheral interconnects (e.g., USB, Serial)
TID-111 Untrusted External Storage
TID-118 Weak Peripheral Port Electrical Damage Protection
PID-15 Device includes a hardware access port (e.g., UART, JTAG)
TID-115 Firmware/Data Extraction via Hardware Interface
TID-116 Latent Privileged Access Port
TID-119 Latent Hardware Debug Port Allows Memory/Code Manipulation
System Software
Device Properties Threats
PID-21 Device includes a bootloader
TID-201 Inadequate Bootloader Protection and Verification
PID-22 Device includes a debugging capabilities
TID-224 Excessive Access via Software Diagnostic Features
PID-23 Device includes OS/kernel
TID-202 Exploitable System Network Stack Component
TID-218 Operating System Susceptible to Rootkit
PID-231 Device includes an operating system that uses drivers/modules that can be loaded
TID-203 Malicious OS Kernel Driver/Module Installable
PID-2321 Device lacks an access enforcement/privilege mechanism
TID-204 Untrusted Programs Can Access Privileged OS Functions
PID-23221 Device includes and enforces OS user accounts
TID-205 Existing OS Tools Maliciously Used for Device Manipulation
TID-219 OS/Kernel Privilege Escalation
PID-23222 Device includes a memory management model, including protections of memory access (read-only/, executable, writable)
TID-206 Memory Management Protections Subverted
TID-223 System Susceptible to RAM Scraping
PID-241 Device includes containers
TID-207 Container Escape
PID-242 Device includes hypervisor
TID-208 Virtual Machine Escape
TID-209 Host Can Manipulate Guest Virtual Machines
PID-251 Root of Trust is physically accessible or is not immutable
TID-214 Secrets Extracted from Device Root of Trust
PID-252 Root of Trust is immutable
TID-220 Unpatchable Hardware Root of Trust
PID-26 Device lacks firmware/software update support
TID-210 Device Vulnerabilities Unpatchable
PID-271 Device has firmware or software that is not cryptographically checked for integrity validation
TID-211 Device Allows Unauthenticated Firmware Installation
PID-272 Device includes cryptographic firmware/software integrity protection mechanisms
TID-330 Cryptographic Timing Side-Channel
TID-214 Secrets Extracted from Device Root of Trust
PID-2721 Device includes a shared key for firmware integrity validation
TID-212 FW/SW Update Integrity Shared Secrets Extraction
PID-2722 Device includes digitally signed firmware (with private key)
TID-213 Faulty FW/SW Update Integrity Verification
PID-273 Device has unencrypted firmware updates
TID-215 Unencrypted SW/FW Updates
PID-274 Device includes user firmware/software version selection during updates
TID-216 Firmware Update Rollbacks Allowed
PID-275 Device includes remotely-initiated firmware/software updates
TID-217 Remotely Initiated Updates Can Cause DoS
Application Software
Device Properties Threats
PID-31 Application-level software is present and running on the device
TID-301 Applications Binaries Modified
PID-311 Device includes the usage of a web/HTTP applications
TID-319 Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
TID-320 SQL Injection
TID-321 HTTP Application Session Hijacking
TID-322 Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
TID-323 HTTP Path Traversal
TID-324 HTTP Direct Object Reference
TID-325 HTTP Injection/Response Splitting
PID-3121 Device includes support for object oriented programming languages(e.g., Java, Python, PHP, C++)
TID-326 Insecure Deserialization
PID-3122 Device includes support for manual memory management programming languages (e.g. C, C++)
TID-327 Out of Bounds Memory Access
PID-32 Device includes the ability to deploy custom or external programs (e.g., ladder logic, compiled binaries)
TID-302 Install Untrusted Application
PID-321 Device includes ability to deploy custom programs from engineering software or IDE
TID-303 Excessive Trust in Offboard Management/IDE Software
PID-322 Device includes a program runtime environment for custom or external programs
TID-304 Manipulate Runtime Environment
PID-3231 Device includes ability to run custom/external programs as native binary without a confined/restricted environment
TID-305 Program Executes Dangerous System Calls
PID-3232 Device includes ability to run custom/external programs/processes through an execution sandboxed environment
TID-306 Sandboxed Environments Escaped
PID-324 Device includes support for "program uploads" to retrieve programs from the device from an engineering workstation
TID-307 Device Code Representations Inconsistent
TID-308 Code Overwritten to Avoid Detection
TID-309 Device Exploits Engineering Workstation
PID-331 Device includes unauthenticated services
TID-310 Remotely Accessible Unauthenticated Services
PID-332 Device includes authenticated services
TID-328 Hardcoded Credentials
TID-311 Default Credentials
TID-312 Credential Change Mechanism Can Be Abused
TID-313 Unauthenticated Session Changes Credential
PID-3321 Device includes passwords to authenticate the users
TID-314 Passwords Can Be Guessed Using Brute-Force Attempts
TID-329 Improper Password Storage
TID-315 Password Retrieval Mechanism Abused
PID-3322 Device includes cryptographic mechanism to authenticate users and sessions
TID-316 Incorrect Certificate Verification Allows Authentication Bypass
TID-317 Predictable Cryptographic Key
TID-411 Weak/Insecure Cryptographic Protocol
TID-330 Cryptographic Timing Side-Channel
TID-318 Insecure Cryptographic Implementation
Device Properties Threats
PID-41 Device exposes remote network services
TID-401 Undocumented Protocol Features
TID-310 Remotely Accessible Unauthenticated Services
TID-222 Critical System Service May Be Disabled
TID-404 Remotely Triggerable Deadlock/DoS
TID-405 Network Stack Resource Exhaustion
TID-407 Missing Message Replay Protection
PID-4111 Device lacks protocol support for message authentication
TID-406 Unauthorized Messages or Connections
PID-4112 Device lacks protocol support for message encryption
TID-408 Unencrypted Sensitive Data Communication
PID-4113 Device includes cryptographic functions for sensitive data, such as encryption or authentication
TID-318 Insecure Cryptographic Implementation
TID-221 Authentication Bypass By Message Replay
TID-410 Cryptographic Protocol Side Channel
TID-316 Incorrect Certificate Verification Allows Authentication Bypass
TID-317 Predictable Cryptographic Key
TID-330 Cryptographic Timing Side-Channel
TID-411 Weak/Insecure Cryptographic Protocol
PID-42 Device includes procedure to forward or route network messages
TID-412 Network Routing Capability Abuse

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